Culture and Tradtion in Ceará
The culture of Ceará is diverse and has many special features. The culture of Ceará, like that of the entire north-eastern region, is essentially of Iberian origin, with indigenous and African influences.
When the Portuguese culture was introduced in Ceará in the 17th century, the indigenous people had already produced regularly various objects from plants such as lianas and carnauba, as well as employed primitive techniques of cotton weaving, including the dyeing of red weaving mills with the barrel of the tree.
Lace making in Ceará: Lace-making probably originated in Italy, but was also made in France, Spain, Portugal. From Portugal it was brought to the former colony of Brazil, where the production of nets with various embroideries and shapes and complicated lace patterns was produced with significant indigenous influence. This most famous handcraft production is a well-known folk art in Ceará for at least a century.
The lace bobbins predominate near the coast, while more embroidery can be found in hinterland.
In addition, the crafts in wood and clay developed with the production of sculptures, representing motives of the region; frames carved in wood - many of them with religious themes, ornamented vases, etc.
Another important craft in Ceará is the reproduction by hand of landscapes and themes with coloured sand in bottles.
In various cities - especially in Massapê, Russas, Aracati, Sobral and Camocim – one can still find woven baskets, hats with different shapes and patterns made of Carnaúba, Bamboo and Cipó palms.
Finally, the leather processing must be mention, a craft resulting from cattle breeding that dominates here. The leather is still handmade, mainly for the production of hats and other working clothes for cattle drivers, as well as for furniture and sculptures. The most important cities in leather processing are Morada Nova, Juazeiro do Norte, Crato, Jaguaribe, Assaré and Nova Olinda.
Another strong Portuguese influence can be found in the religious festivals in the cities of the whole country, especially the patron saints' festivals, which are among the biggest festivals of Ceará culture and include not only religious ceremonies, but also dances, music and other forms of entertainment, in a complex mixture of sacred and profane aspects. The feast of Saint Anthony, in Barbalha, famous for its "Pau de Bandeira" ceremony, has been celebrated for 78 years.
Festivals and events:
Miss Ceará is one of the most traditional events in the country that takes place since 1955.
Cine Ceará is one of the most important film festivals in Brazil. It takes place annually in Fortaleza since 1991.
The Fortal is a pre-carnival festival, which has been held in Fortaleza every year since 1991 at the end of July.
One of the biggest pop music festivals in Brazil is Ceará Music, which has been held annually since 2001 and brings together several national bands on several days.
The biggest celebration is the "Festa Junina" which takes place in Ceará in June and has its origins in the European midsummer. During the Festas Juninas, "forró" is the rhythm most heard and played throughout the state, characteristic are the food and typical clothes. As the center of the Juninas Festivals we can highlight Juazeiro do Norte and Juaforró.
Carnival is also another great celebration, especially the festivals organized in the coastal cities.
Guaramiranga is the site of the "Festival of Jazz and Blues of Guaramiranga" in the carnival. So to speak, it is the event for those who want to escape the carnival carnival season (so to speak for all those who don't like the hustle and bustle of carnival).
Ceará has produced many important writers and poets, including José de Alencar, Domingos Olímpio, Rachel de Queiroz, Adolfo Caminha, Antônio Sales, Jáder Carvalho, Moreira Campos, Gustavo Barroso, Patativa do Assaré, João Clímaco Bezerra, Ana Miranda, among others.
The musical genre most associated with Ceará is Forró in its various forms.
Famous works of modern art are the statues of Iracema on Praia da Iracema and on Praia de Mucuripe.
The most important centres of culture in the capital Fortaleza are the house of Jose de Alencar, the Jose de Alencar Theatre and the culture and art centre Dragão do Mar.
Sale of art and handicraft products in Fortaleza:
Mercado Central (central market near the cathedral, centre)
Centro do Turismo (handcraft bazaar Rua Joao Moreira, centre)
Central de Artesanato Luiza Tavora (Arts and Crafts Centre District: Aldeota)
Feirinha ( Bazar on the Beira Mar beach promenade, Praia de Meireiles